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The Relationship Between Gun Homicides and Gun Control by State

Credit: Gear Patrol

Guns are a hot topic in American politics and have been for a long time. Liberals and conservatives debate on whether we should have more gun control or not. But, the main question of this debate is whether or not gun control lowers firearm-related deaths.

The 50 states of America have very different gun laws from each other. So, looking at gun homicide by state is a good way to compare the effectiveness of gun control.


The 15 states with the highest number of gun homicides per 100,000 people:


1. Louisiana: 8.1 deaths per 100,000 people

2. Missouri: 6.9 deaths per 100,000 people

3. South Carolina: 6.4 deaths per 100,000 people

4. Delaware: 5.5 deaths per 100,000 people

5. Alaska: 5.3 deaths per 100,000 people

6. Maryland: 4.7 deaths per 100,000 people

7. Georgia: 4.45 deaths per 100,000 people

8. Tennessee: 4.42 deaths per 100,000 people

9. Mississippi: 4.2 deaths per 100,000 people

10. Michigan: 3.9 deaths per 100,000 people

11. Pennsylvania: 3.88 deaths per 100,000 people

12. Oklahoma: 3.79 deaths per 100,000 people

13. Nevada: 3.77 deaths per 100,000 people

14. Arkansas: 3.66 deaths per 100,000 people

15. North Carolina: 3.5 deaths per 100,000 people


The 15 states with the lowest number of gun homicides per 100,000 people:


1. Hawaii: 0.3 deaths per 100,000 people

2. New Hampshire: 0.6 deaths per 100,000 people

3. Oregon: 0.8 deaths per 100,000 people

4. Rhode Island: 0.9 deaths per 100,000 people

5. Utah: 1.1 deaths per 100,000 people

6. Massachusetts: 1.18 deaths per 100,000 people

7. North Dakota: 1.19 deaths per 100,000 people

8. Maine: 1.2 deaths per 100,000 people

9. Vermont: 1.3 deaths per 100,000 people

10. South Dakota: 1.38 deaths per 100,000 people

11. Minnesota: 1.42 deaths per 100,000 people

12. Idaho: 1.5 deaths per 100,000 people

13. Iowa: 1.55 deaths per 100,000 people

14. West Virginia: 1.65 deaths per 100,000 people

15. Montana: 1.71 deaths per 100,000 people


If we compare the states with the most gun control with the states with the states with the lowest number of gun homicides per 100,000 people, we can see that surprisingly, there isn’t much of a correlation.


According to the Giffords Law Center, the 15 states with the toughest gun control are:

1. California

2. New Jersey

3. Connecticut

4. Maryland

5. Massachusetts

6. New York

7. Hawaii

8. Illinois

9. Rhode Island

10. Washington

11. Delaware

12. Pennsylvania

13. Minnesota

14. Oregon

15. Colorado


Only 5 of the states, Oregon, Minnesota, Rhode Island, Hawaii, and Massachusetts, make both of the lists.


If the states with the lowest amounts of gun control are compared with the highest rates of gun homicides, we see the exact same rates.


Although there seems to be little correlation between gun homicide and gun control, there appears to be a correlation between gun control and a lower rate of gun suicide.


The 15 states with the least amount of gun suicides:


1. New Jersey

2. Massachusetts

3. New York

4. Hawaii

5. Connecticut

6. Rhode Island

7. Illinois

8. California

9. Maryland

10. Minnesota

11. Nebraska

12. Delaware

13. Washington

14. Michigan

15. Texas


We can see here that out of the 15 states that have the highest amount of gun control, 12 are ranked in the bottom 15 for the lowest gun suicide rates.


Conclusion


There appears to be little correlation between gun control and gun homicide rates, but a strong correlation between gun control and low gun suicide rate. It is important to note that there are many factors other than gun control that affect the correlations such as overall crime, poverty rate, and population density.

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